This seminar is designed to introduce the basics of SAS macro language. Here is the program on which the seminar is based. In this seminar we will cover the following topics:. The SAS macro language is a very versatile and useful tool. It is often used to reduce the amount of regular SAS code and it facilitates passing information from one procedure to another procedure. Generally, we can consider macro language to be composed of macro variables and macro programs. In this seminar we will demonstrate how to create macro variables and how to write basic macro programs.
A macro variable in SAS is a string variable that allows you to dynamically modify the text in a SAS program through symbolic substitution. The following example demonstrates how to create and use a macro variable. First we set up some system options to have a more concise output style. Suppose that we want to look at the means of some variables and then do a regression analysis on the same variables.
We can simplify the program by creating a macro variable containing all the names of the independent variables. When we submit our program, SAS will process the macro variables first, substituting them with the text string they were defined to be and then process the program as a standard SAS program. SAS has many system-defined macro variables.
These macro variables are created automatically when SAS is started. Therefore, they are sometimes called automatic macro variables. Below is a partial output from the log window. The first column indicates the type of macro variable, the second indicates the name of the macro variable and the third contains the value of the macro variable.
These macro variables can be used in the same way as ordinary macro variables. For example, in the following example, we use two of the system-defined macro variables in the title statement. Notice that in the title statement we used double quotation marks around the title.Which features do you like?
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Search instead for. Did you mean:. All forum topics Previous Next. Posted views. Re: proc report BY group issue.
I have combed through archives of both this forum and sas-l. In most cases, when you use BY group processing, you are telling the procedure to treat each by group as a separate entity -- isolated from the rest of the BY groups. This may be what's happening to your output.
Sometimes BY group processing can force unwanted page breaks in your output or produce unexpected results. And, I also wonder why you're not using ReimbAmt.
Perhaps an approach like this is close to what you are trying to achieve. I tried several ideas based on brake and line statements and I am almost close to what I want.
I tried the SAS notes idea forcing a page break --but that opened another bug, more serious. Cheers, Lawrence. Thanks for the suggestion Lawrence.You can't, it will always tell you some information about the environment which it is using to compile. Why would you need to, just redirect what log information you need to another file. I have got many tables in the production environment and I need to create them only stucture, no datas in another test environment.
Your example was do the same table description 10 times. The log you posted is for different tables. How did you get it to run for different tables? Perhaps in there you triggered some other step that generated the title statement? Do you see the title lines in that? If so then raise an issue with SAS support and perhaps they can figure out if there is some other option that controls the generation of those title lines in the re-directed log.
So it will disappear when SAS is done. I was able to recreate the problem by running the program in batch background mode instead of from Display Manager. And then a post processing step that reads the redirected log and writes it back out without the extra title lines.
This has the added benefit that you can decide what information is important and what format to use. For example you could write the commas that delimit the column names at the beginning of the lines instead of the end so that the code is easier to for humans to scan.
Which features do you like? How does our technology work for you? This widget could not be displayed. Sign In. Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. Showing results for. Search instead for. Did you mean:. All forum topics Previous Next. Posted views. So after creating this script in production I can launch it in test.
It didn't when I ran your test. You did not include that in your example code. Where are you seeing this line?
SAS system options | SAS Learning Modules
I cannot re-create the issue. At this point your best bet is make it a two step process. One that redirects the log. Invoice dollar8.
Tell us what you think about SAS technology. Discussion stats.System options are global instructions that affect the entire SAS session and control the way SAS performs operations. SAS system options differ from SAS data set options and statement options in that once you invoke a system option, it remains in effect for all subsequent data and proc steps in a SAS job, unless you specify them. In order to view which options are available and in effect for your SAS session, use proc options.
Not every SAS system option is listed above, but many of the most common options are listed. This module will discuss some of the more common SAS system options that the typical user would use to customize their SAS sessions. Log, output and procedure options specify the ways in which SAS output is written to the SAS log and procedure output file.
By default, output is always centered. To specify not centered, use nocenterwhich will print results to the output window as left justified. By default, the date and time is always printed. To suppress the printing of the date, use nodate. By default, labels are permitted. To suppress the printing of labels, use nolabel. By default, notes are printed. To suppress the printing of notes, use nonotes. By default, page numbers are printed. To suppress the printing of page numbers, use nonumber.
To suppress this option, use noreplace. Error handling options specify how the SAS System reports on and recovers from error conditions. Turning this option off is useful when you have a SAS system data set with custom formats, but you do not have the corresponding SAS format library.
Thus, in order to override this default option and read a SAS system data set without requiring a SAS format library, use nofmterr. Reading and writing data options control the ways in which data are input to, and output from, the SAS system.
The default is nocaps. For more information, see Using dates in SAS. It should also be noted that these data set options are global options, as opposed to local data set options that are specified within a data or proc step, and remain in effect until the data or proc step ends.
For more information on local data set options, such as obs, keep and dro psee Subsetting data in SAS.The changes that result from specifying system options remain in effect for the rest of the job, session, or SAS process, or until you issue another OPTIONS statement to change the options. Default option settings can vary among sites. By default, SAS numbers pages of output starting with page 1.
This option, like all SAS system options, remains in effect for the duration of your session or until you change it. Change the option by specifying. By default, SAS centers both the output and output titles. Procedure output is scaled automatically to fit the size of the page and line. The default settings vary from site to site and are further affected by the machine, operating environment, and method of running SAS.
By default, SAS writes at the top of your output the beginning date and time of the SAS session during which your job executed. This automatic record is especially useful when you execute a program many times.
Choose the system options that you need to meet your specifications. All rights reserved. Previous Page Next Page. To suppress page numbers, specify the following OPTIONS statement: options nonumber; This option, like all SAS system options, remains in effect for the duration of your session or until you change it. Change the option by specifying options center; Specifying Page and Line Size Procedure output is scaled automatically to fit the size of the page and line.
Choosing Options Selectively Choose the system options that you need to meet your specifications.By default, SAS returns a very comprehensive amount of information in the output from its procedures. It is common for an analysis to involve a procedure run separately for groups within a dataset or for a list of variables.
Output from this kind of repetitive analysis can be difficult to navigate scrolling through the output window. Writing SAS output to. We will use the hsb2 dataset in the examples. The output delivery system ods can generate a. Below, we run a regression model separately for each of the four race categories in our data.
Introduction to SAS Macro Language
Before the proc regwe first sort the data by race and then open a. When we are done, we close the. We can open the our. So far, we have used the default settings for our. SAS offers several standard styles from which we can choose and, if none of them are to your liking, you can with some effort specify your preferences for all of the components that go into a style to create your own.
Some of the standard styles are color variations on the default, but some have a different look altogether.SAS DATASET OPTIONS- SAS TRAINING VIDEO 5
Going beyond changing the overall style, there are some other ways in which you can control the look and organization of the.
For example, you can add a table of contents to the beginning of your file indicating which output appears on which page with the contents option. If the bookmarks displayed by default are too detailed for you, you can change the number of levels displayed with the pdftoc option.
The usual titles and subtitles you can add to SAS output are reflected in your. Below we create a table of contents and limit the number of bookmark levels to 2 and use the options and title statements in SAS. We did not have success opening these files in other browsers.
Just as it can generate a. Again, we run a regression model separately for each of the four race categories in our data. Before running our regression, we open a. If we want to be able to jump to specific parts of our output, we can easily add a contents bar.
Instead of creating a single.I am trying to generate a sgplot line graph similar to the reference graph but unable to generate. View solution in original post. You need to describe for the "want" graph: what the single marker represents, what the "whiskers" actually represent. How can i change the line and markers attributes for each subgroup as seen in reference line graph below.
Thanks for the input. I amended the code but somehow the datasymbols option is not working, i will check the resources you mentioned. Need further help from the community? Please ask a new question. Tell us what you think about SAS technology.
Which features do you like? How does our technology work for you? This widget could not be displayed. Sign In. Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. Showing results for. Search instead for. Did you mean:. All forum topics Previous Next. Posted views. Thanks kindly!!! Accepted Solutions. Re: proc sgplot. How about this one? Thanks for the info. You used 3 different variable for y axis.
Your response will be appreciated. Thanks Kindly Azhar. Since your code showed 4 different y axis variables I am not sure what you actually mean here.
We cannot write code to make a graph from a picture of data. Thanks for the solution. I use the group option and i am pretty close to my reference graph. How can i change the line and markers attributes for each subgroup as seen in reference line graph below Thanks Kindly! Thanks a lot! Discussion stats.